A scam is basically an event where you were lied to and your pockets were made a little lighter.
All scams have one of many of the below things in common:
- False claims
- More money than the product is worth
- Request to reveal non-public data or data not known to many people
- Asking for more money than worth after the service has been given
Therefore to make sure you are not scammed make sure the person who is talking to you is a trusted source and this can be known only from reputation. Do note that even reviews on Google can be faked. The source from where you take the reputation should also be trusted.
At all costs avoid people whose trust hasn’t been ascertained.
Second, find the cost of a service before you receive it. Be clear about the human cost that is involved and find out in detail about the hidden costs. One type of scam is where the people are in a hurry or are desperate and the scammer provides them a solution and since they are in a hurry they don’t ask for the price and later he overcharges them. The key rule in such scenarios is to find out all the cost and talk to them at the start. It is best to avoid non-trusted people in such scenarios but if you can’t do that figure out the cost at the start.
Three don’t reveal what is not public or details which you know can be used to cause harm to you to any non-trusted person.
Re-iterating the concept of trust again, make sure you get as much past information about the person or service before trusting them. This can be feedback from previous customers who are not fake. Your own experience with the person or service. Validation from a source that is an authority on the subject matter also helps.
A simple scenario where you can apply the method is when you get a phone call from an unknown number asking for your credit card details. First thing is there is no way to trust the person on the other side and the second thing is that the details given can harm you therefore you don’t give the details to the person on the other side.